The co-chief art critics for The New York Times on the most notable themes of the year.
In the city’s busy alternative spaces, art history continued to expand. Artists Space immersed us in the achievement of Tom of Finland, the Ingres of 20th-century homoerotic art, and his bounty of popular-culture source materials.
An untitled Tom of Finland work from 1975. With his images of buff gay men, the artist all but invented the hypermasculine “clone” look of the 1970s, with its defining wardrobe of leather and jeans. Tom of Finland Foundation, Permanent Collection
Complete list by Holland Cotter and Roberta Smith